The maxillofacial area is the area that covers the nose and mouth in the face and is therefore a very defining part of the body. Oral and maxillofacial surgeries are done to treat many diseases, injuries, defects in the head, face, jaws and facial region in general including the soft and hard tissues of the mouth.

Being a very sensitive part, with the complicated bone and nerve structure, any surgeries in this region that houses the main sensory organs must be performed by a trained professional only. In fact, maxillofacial surgery is recognised internationally as a surgical speciality.

When Are Maxillofacial Surgeries Necessary?

Medically, maxillofacial surgeries are performed when a trauma or accident affects the maxillofacial region of the face. The jaw, mouth, nose and neck are sometimes prone to many accidents and if improperly treated, the trauma or fracture might lead to permanent disfigurement or pain. Maxillofacial surgeries of the medical kind are to be performed very carefully because this region houses the primary sensory organs of the body.

Treatments should begin after carefully analysing the extent of damage, the affected areas, the parts that will have the secondary impact and the nerves that might intrude in the surgery etc. Since this part of the face has the eyes, nose and mouth, improper diagnosis and treatment might permanently affect certain parts of the face and may cause irreparable damage. This is why a trained experienced doctor is the most sought after.

Cosmetically, maxillofacial surgeries can also be of a corrective nature. Cosmetically unappealing but medically not so serious issues like jaw disfigurement, certain skeletal and dental irregularities that affect the face by misaligning jaws and teeth, are cosmetically treated using maxillofacial surgeries. Cosmetic procedures can correct a wide range of disfigurements easily and improve the confidence of the person manifold.

The need for cosmetic surgery is not clearly mentioned as many people have the misconception that cosmetic surgeries are for improving the appearance. Yes, they are, but they are also more than that. Some disfigurement issues can also cause problems in regular body functioning. For instance, disfigurements in the jaw area might affect chewing, speaking and even breathing and need timely cosmetic and medical intervention from a trained cosmetologist / dermatologist.

Due to the extremely complex nature of maxillofacial surgeries, there are only very few surgeons who have mastered it. Maxillofacial surgeries require expertise in the cosmetic, dental and general surgery angles to give a complete, wholesome result.

Dr. Debraj Shome is one of the Best maxillofacial surgeons in India and works with The Esthetic Clinics ( He is also a consultant with some of the best hospitals in Mumbai, India.

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